The Island is situated in the centre of the British Isles but is not part of the United Kingdom. It has its own parliament called Tynwald and is autonomous from the UK apart from matters relating to defence and immigration.
The Isle of Man is a self-governing British Crown Dependency with its own government and laws. The Island is not part of the United Kingdom and has no representation in the United Kingdom Parliament. The British Crown is ultimately responsible for the Island’s external relations.
The Isle of Man is not part of the European Union, but it has a limited relationship with the Union under Protocol 3 to the United Kingdom’s Act of Accession in 1972. This allows for the free trade of agricultural and manufactured products across the EU. The Isle of Man is also part of the European Common Customs Area.
Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, is Lord of Mann and the Isle of Man’s Head of State. Her personal representative on the Island is His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, who is appointed by the Crown for a five-year term.
Dating back to Viking origins over 1,000 years ago, Tynwald is considered to be the oldest continuous parliament in the world. Tynwald has two branches: the House of Keys (Lower House) and the Legislative Council (Upper House).